Relating erikson s theory to my life essay

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Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought. It is an academic discipline of immense scope. Psychologists seek an understanding of the emergent properties of brains, and all the variety of phenomena linked to those emergent properties, joining this way the broader neuro-scientific group of researchers. As a social science, it aims to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases.

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Sapir, Edward. Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech

Erikson suggested the ego as the driving force in personality development, unlike Freud who suggested this to be the id. Each stage in the psychosocial stage theory is marked with a crisis. Individuals must learn to balance both the positive and negative poles of the crises by understanding each as useful; thus allowing positive outcomes to suffice. The ninth stage also sees a reversal of crises, as the negative pole now takes dominance over the positive. According to Erikson failure to pass through any stage successfully in the psychosocial stage theory does not stop individuals entering into further stages. Overcoming these past failings can be achieved in future crisis resolution, according to Erikson. Marcia has hailed achievement status in the fifth stage as a hallmark for maturity in individuals.


Social Darwinism refers to various theories that emerged in Western Europe and North America in the s that applied biological concepts of natural selection and survival of the fittest to sociology, economics, and politics. Various social Darwinist schools of thought differ on which groups of people are the strong and which are the weak , and also differ on the precise mechanisms that reward strength and punish weakness. Social Darwinism declined in popularity as a purportedly scientific concept following the First World War , and was largely discredited by the end of the Second World War —partially due to its association with Nazism and partially due to a growing scientific consensus that it was scientifically groundless.

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