Basic principles of critical thinking

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Critical thinking is the process of independently analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information as a guide to behavior and beliefs. The American Philosophical Association has defined critical thinking as "the process of purposeful, self-regulatory judgment. The process gives reasoned consideration to evidence , contexts , conceptualizations, methods, and criteria" Critical thinking is sometimes broadly defined as "thinking about thinking. Critical thinking skills include the ability to interpret, verify, and reason, all of which involve applying the principles of logic. The process of using critical thinking to guide writing is called critical writing.

The Four Principles of Critical Thinking

PRINCIPLES OF CRITICAL THINKING

Critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgment. Critical thinking is self-directed , self-disciplined , self- monitored , and self- corrective thinking. It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities as well as a commitment to overcome native egocentrism [3] [4] and sociocentrism. The earliest records of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. These included a part in Plato's early dialogues, where Socrates engages with one or more interlocutors on the issue of ethics such as question whether it was right for Socrates to escape from prison. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight.

Critical thinking

Critical Thinking consists of mental processes of discernment , analysis and evaluation. It includes possible processes of reflecting upon a tangible or intangible item in order to form a solid judgment that reconciles scientific evidence with common sense. In contemporary usage "critical" has a certain negative connotation that does not apply in the present case. Though the term "analytical thinking" may seem to convey the idea more accurately, critical thinking clearly involves synthesis, evaluation, and reconstruction of thinking, in addition to analysis.
Logic is the science of how to evaluate arguments and reasoning. Critical thinking is a process of evaluation which uses logic to separate truth from falsehood, reasonable from unreasonable beliefs. If you want to better evaluate the various claims, ideas, and arguments you encounter, you need a better understanding of basic logic and the process of critical thinking. These are not trivial pursuits. They are essential to making good decisions and forming sound beliefs about our world.

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  1. Garrett M.
    [MEMRES-18]
    Garrett M. 04.04.2021

    Regardless of my love of fiction, taken both in print and audio, I have never understood the structure underlying the classics and modern works I so adore UNTIL this course.

  2. Justin S.
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    Justin S. 05.04.2021

    To solve this, a good review site always helpful.

  3. Adayan S. M.
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    Adayan S. M. 05.04.2021

    Its a good writing course for English-as-second-language learners.

  4. Larry G.
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    Larry G. 06.04.2021

    I always get a bit lost with assignments like this and really appreciate when someone manages to summarize the text without adding fluff and things like that.

  5. Jason M.
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    Jason M. 07.04.2021

    Morever, the syllabus is well organised in a way that it will help you to use these lessons in essay writtings.

  6. Ruben M.
    [MEMRES-68]
    Ruben M. 10.04.2021

    great course to refresh, really fast, your english writing.

  7. [MEMRES-78]
    John N. A. B. 13.04.2021

    My grades were so bad that I myself felt so pity about it.

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